Final Study Guide
Fact: can be proven
Opinion: cannot be proven; look for words like “best, more, superior, was not”
Primary Source: eye-witness accounts of events (Examples: diary, autobiography).
Secondary Source: not from direct source; not an eye-witness account of an event
13th Amendment: granted legal rights to African Americans
14th Amendment: granted legal rights to African Americans
15th Amendment: granted legal rights to Africans Americans
Literacy Tests: limited the rights of formerly enslaved persons in Southern states
Poll Taxes: limited the rights of formerly enslaved persons in Southern states
Grandfather Clauses: limited the rights of formerly enslaved persons in Southern states
Racial Segregation: separation of people based on race; Jim Crow laws created segregation in the South
“Separate but equal”: stated in Plessy vs. Ferguson; justified racial segregation of public facilities
Muckrakers: journalists who alerted the public to the wrongdoings in politics and business; they worked to bring about change in society through their writing
Jacob Riis: muckraker who exposed corruption and abuses in society
Upton Sinclair: muckraker who exposed corruption and abuses in society
Tenements: little apartments that many immigrants were forced to ive in because they did not make a great deal of money; tenements were crowded and dirty
Urbanization: people moving into cities; created by industrialization (factories) in the North
Trusts: a group of companies managed by the same owner; bad for consumers because they are not given choice
Statue of Liberty: given to the U.S. by France; symbolizes freedom and hope; landmark that immigrants who entered through New York first saw; Emma Lazarus’ poem, “The New Colossus” is engraved on the Statue’s pedestal; most famous words from the poem are “give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free”
Yellow Journalism: printing sensational (exaggerated) stories using illustrations and vivid headlines to draw in the reader; Used to influence public opinion
Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points: created the League of Nations
Harlem Renaissance: increased awareness of African American contributions to American culture
Hoovervilles: during the Great Depression, this is where poor, unemployed people lived; called this to criticize the federal government, especially Herbert Hoover
Social Security Act: created by Franklin D. Roosevelt under the New Deal; established a system of unemployment insurance and pensions for retired workers
“Rosie the Riveter”: wartime symbol of the growing role of women in factories
Holocaust: mass extermination of Jewish people and other “undesirables” by Adolf Hitler during WWII
Internment Camps: created after the bombing of Pearl Harbor; Japanese Americans were placed in these camps out of fear that they were spies for
the Japanese and a threat to Americans; camps had fences around them and the Japanese Americans were essentially prisoners
- Why were laws that established literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses passed by Southern states after the Reconstruction Era?
- To limit the rights of formerly enslaved persons
- Why did the U.S. become an imperialist nation in the late 1800s?
- Because the U.S. acquired overseas territories
- Why did immigration to the U.S. increase rapidly between 1895 and 1905?
- Industrial growth provided factory jobs for immigrants
- Place the following events in chronological order.
- Archduke of Austria-Hungary assassinated
- World War I begins
- Lusitania sunk (unrestricted submarine warfare)
- United States declares war on Germany
- What was one reason why Prohibition failed?
- Many Americans did not support the law
- What are some events/terms that are associated with the Roaring Twenties?
- Fads and flappers
- Harlem Renaissance
- Stock Market Crash
- How did the U.S. respond to the attack on Pearl Harbor?
- Declared war on Japan
- Which group was placed into internment camps during WWII?
- Japanese Americans